The Nigerian Army [NA] is functionally organized into combat arms, which are infantry and armoured, and they are presided by the Nigerian Army Council (NAC). The combat support arms, which are artillery, engineers and signals; their services also comprises of medical services, supply and transport, ordinance and finance services.
The others include the military police, intelligence, physical training, chaplains, public relations and band. Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) situated in Minna which is responsible for doctrinal training and combat development with an R&D outfit. There are 17 Corps Training Schools and an NA College of Logistics (NACOL).
The Nigerian Army is structurally divided and separated into sub-group which include the army headquarters, divisions, brigades, battalions / regiments, companies, platoons and sections. An Army division is a joined-arms organization with over 7,000-22,000 military personnel or officials generally commanded by a major general. It includes at least minimum of 2 brigades as maneuver elements, an artillery brigade, a division signals and other supporting elements.
The brigade is an organization of units, 3 battalions and other support elements. A battalion is a reasonably self sufficient unit and it is regarded as the basic unit for combat and support of an army. A platoon consists of 3 sections and commanded by a lieutenant or captain. A section in the military society is an organization larger than a squad and smaller than a platoon. The divisions operate combined arms force structures with complements of combat support and combat support services. Each is designed to operate either on their own, in special operations or combined with 2 0r more others.
There are 9 (nine) different Army Divisions in Nigeria , which include:
- 81 Division, Lagos
- 82 Division, Enugu
- 1 Division, Kaduna
- 2 Division, Ibadan
- 3 Division, Jos
- 7 Division, Maiduguri
- 8 Division in Sokoto for the areas bordering Lake Chad, Cameroon and Niger.
- Training and Doctrine Command in Minna
- 6 Division in Port Harcourt
The appointment of the GOC 6 Division followed a major shakeup in Army High Command carried out by the Chief of Army Staff, Lt.- General Tukur Buratai. The shakeup resulted in the appointment of three new General Officers Commanding for the Nigerian Army. They are Major-General Oyefolu, GOC 81 Division, Lagos; Brigadier General CM Abraham is the Acting GOC 2 Division, Ibadan, and Major General Abdukarim for 6 Division, based in Port Harcourt. Other major appointments include that of a new Chief of Operations and Training for the Nigerian Army.
Different Ranks in the Nigerian Army:
The ranks in the Nigerian Army are grouped into two, namely:
- The Commissioned Officers ranks
- and the Non-Commissioned Officers ranks
The commissioned officers ranks are attained by graduates of the Nigerian Defense Academy or DSSC/SSC by the succesful completion of their programme while non-commissioned officers ranks are attained by personnels through the Regular Recruit Intake(RRI) programme.
List of Commissioned officers ranks and their badges include:
- Field Marshal
This is the highest attainable rank in the Nigerian Army. By law, it is strictly granted on honorary grounds and not by promotion. However, no one has been able to reach this rank according to the history of Nigeria. It is commonly identical to Admiral of the fleet in the Nigerian Navy and Marshal in the Nigerian Air Force.
- The General
The General is the highest rank in the Nigerian Army and is equivalent to Admiral in the Navy and Air Chief Marshal in the Air Force.
- Lieutenant General
The Lieutenant General is the rank that is directly below the General in rank and it is equivalent to Vice-Admiral in the Navy and Air marshal in the Air force.
- Major General
The Major General is the Superior to a Brigadier General and is directly below the Lieutenant General. It is equivalent to the Rear Admiral in the Navy and Air Vice-marshal in the Air Force.
- Brigadier General
An Army Brigadier General is directly under the Major General in rank order and is a direct Superior to a Colonel. it is equivalent to a Commodore in the Navy and an Air Commodore in the Air Force.
A Colonel is a direct Subordinate of a Brigadier General and is a direct Superior to a Lieutenant colonel in rank order. It is similar to captain in the Navy and Group Captain in the Air Force.
- Lieutenant Colonel
A Lieutenant Colonel is directly below the Colonel in rank and directly superior to a major. It is similar to a Commander and Wing Commander in the Navy and Air Force.
A Major is directly below a Lieutenant Colonel and direct above a Captain in rank order. It is similar to Lieutenant Commander in the Navy and Squadron Leader in the Air Force.
A Captain is the rank directly below the major in rank order and is directly above the First Lieutenant rank. It is equivalent to Lieutenant in the Navy and Flight Lieutenant in the Air Force.
- First Lieutenant
The First Lieutenant is directly below the the Captain in rank and it is similar to Sub-Lieutenant in the Navy and Flying Officer in the Air Force.
- Second Lieutenant
This is the lowest rank in the Nigerian Army and is directly below the First Lieutenant rank. however the rank is higher than that of all the Non-Commissioned Officers ranks. This rank is identical to the Midshipman in the Navy and Pilot Officer in the Air Force.
List of Non-Commissioned officers Ranks
- Army Warrant Officer
- Master Warrant Officer
- Warrant Officer
- Staff Sergeant
- Lance Corporal
- Private Soldier
Salary structure of Nigerian Army
The Nigerian Army is a civil service which comes with monthly salary and other benefits including pension and gratuity payment from Federal Government. Eligibility to receive gratuity and pension at retirement/resignation is subject to working for a specified required minimum number of years in the service. These requirements vary from rank and state of resignation/retirement.
Monthly salary of Nigerian Army by rank:
- General — ₦1.5 million per month
- Lieutenant General — ₦1 million per month
- Major General — ₦950,000 per month
- Brigadier General — ₦750,000 per month
- Colonel — ₦550,000 per month
- Lieutenant Colonel — ₦350,000 per month
- Major — ₦300,000 per month
- Captain — ₦220,000 per month
- First Lieutenant — ₦180,000 per month
- Second Lieutenant — ₦120,000 per month